Skunk Magazine https://www.skunkmagazine.com Not Your Ordinary Cannabis Site Sat, 16 Feb 2019 19:24:16 +0000 en-CA hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.0.3 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/cropped-favicon-32x32.png Skunk Magazine https://www.skunkmagazine.com 32 32 158131307 The Legality of California Cannabis – Cannabis Basics: Part 2 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/the-legality-of-california-cannabis-cannabis-basics-part-2/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/the-legality-of-california-cannabis-cannabis-basics-part-2/#respond Sat, 16 Feb 2019 19:22:45 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7767 Cannabis is legal now so it should be easy and readily available, right? Sadly, the answer is no. This week’s article will address the changing legal landscape and why it just isn’t that simple (yet). California made history in 1996, when Prop 215, which made cannabis legal for medicinal use became law by a 5 […]

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Cannabis is legal now so it should be easy and readily available, right? Sadly, the answer is no. This week’s article will address the changing legal landscape and why it just isn’t that simple (yet).

California made history in 1996, when Prop 215, which made cannabis legal for medicinal use became law by a 5 5.6 % majority vote. The State not wanting it at all attempted to invalidate it and eventually when they couldn’t make it go away, simply ignored it. This was the consummate dis – implementation of a law. Despite the inaction of the State, an industry around medical cannabis emerged and has served consumers for the past 22 years.

In 2016, the voters of California passed Prop 64, which made cannabis legal for adult use in California. This means anyone 21 or over may purchase and use cannabis. This time around the State has fully embraced the law, governed by the Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC) which has been working diligently with industry stakeholders and consumers to craft and roll out the regulations.

While Prop 64 removed previously restrictive prohibitions on cannabis in California, there are many nuances of the law which make it quite complicated for consumers wanting access to the state-regulated products and business owners desiring a state legal status. In addition, Prop 64, encompassed Prop 215, putting both M – type licensing (medical use) and A-type licensing (adult use) under a single regulatory body.

For a cannabis business to apply for and receive a state license from the BCC, said business must first obtain local licensing. Prop 64 allows for municipalities to restrict or outright ban cannabis businesses. Only 15% of all cities in California are currently allowing for cannabis businesses, leaving 85% of the adult population without an easy and safe mechanism to access state-regulated cannabis products.

All cities in North County have chosen to ban, except for Oceanside, which is currently implementing M – type regulations but is not including walk-in dispensary operations. In all North County, we have just two state-licensed cannabis businesses operating. SD Naturals in Escondido and 420 Central a medical cannabis delivery service. At last count, there were approximately 14 legally operating dispensaries within the city of San Diego.

This means that if north county consumers want regulated & safe state legal products the options are quite limited outside of making the drive into San Diego. On the topic of state legal products, tune in next week for a better understanding of the physiology of cannabis, why it works in our bodies, and best practices for selecting products.

Robbin Lynn has spent the past decade specializing in helping people understand and navigate all the latest methods for realizing the maximum benefits cannabis has to offer. She is a Certified Cannabis Specialist (CCS) and completes annual coursework in clinical cannabinoid medicine from the Society of Cannabis Clinicians. Robbin’s main expertise of the cannabis plant is from a biochemical point of view: what compounds are present and how they interact with the human endocannabinoid system. She is an expert in CBD and highly skilled in cannabinoid therapies and products, their safe use and proper dosing and she is passionate about sharing that knowledge. Through helping more than 5,000 people (most over the age of 50), she imparts cannabis knowledge in a simple to understand terms to facilitate safe use for maximizing desired results. An educator at heart, Robbin challenges herself to learn something new every single day. She is a member of the Society of Cannabis Clinicians, International Association for Cannabis as Medicine, American Cannabis Nurses Association, Association of Cannabis Professionals, Americans for Safe Access, NORML and Oceanside Advocates for Safe Access. Prior to 2008, Robbin spent her career as a marketing executive building start-up technology businesses in San Diego County. In her spare time, she enjoys spending quality time with her husband, flying with her son and curling up with her cat Joe to reading her favorite science fiction stories or the latest cannabinoid research.

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What are Microbial Inoculants? https://www.skunkmagazine.com/what-are-microbial-inoculants/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/what-are-microbial-inoculants/#comments Tue, 12 Feb 2019 21:20:33 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7697 Microbial inoculants are mixtures of beneficial microorganisms, live probiotics, that you add to your soil to improve it, promoting strong and healthy plants, and increasing nutrient density in plants grown in this biologically diverse soil. Microbial inoculants can also be used to clean the environment in a process known as bioremediation. Runoff coming from farms […]

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Microbial inoculants are mixtures of beneficial microorganisms, live probiotics, that you add to your soil to improve it, promoting strong and healthy plants, and increasing nutrient density in plants grown in this biologically diverse soil. Microbial inoculants can also be used to clean the environment in a process known as bioremediation. Runoff coming from farms using microbial inoculants can clean areas the runoff comes into contact with as a result of their beneficial runoff. This is contrary to conventional farms using synthetic chemicals that have toxic runoff. These microbes are not only helpful to plants but also support other organisms and insects that aid in plant growth. This is a much more organic and natural approach than adding synthetic chemicals to your plants that may be harmful to the area around them. Microbial inoculants help build soil structure and help make nutrients available to plants. A nutrient-rich base is essential for any plant or garden to thrive, so why not encourage your garden with an organic and natural approach with microbial inoculants?

How do microbial inoculants affect your soil?

When you apply a microbial inoculant to the soil a chain reaction begins. Most inoculants require water either to mix them and hydrate the microbes or to spread them out since a little goes a long way. The liquid with the inoculant carries the microbes down into the soil, bringing with them by-products (metabolites) that start to react with nutrients in the soil. If the inoculant is something that was fermented, like a lactic acid bacteria inoculant that you made or one that you purchased that was fermented, there will also be tons of enzymes, vitamins and amino acids that will start to react with nutrients in the soil and also feed little creatures such as worms. Enzymes are specialized proteins that speed up reactions, such as breaking down complex sugars (plant root exudates) and form compounds like polysaccharides that hold soils together, creating structure in the soil. The structure, combined with the polysaccharides affect the ability of the soil to hold moisture and improve drainage. Worms feed on some of the microbes, drilling through the soil as well as digesting things in the soil that ends up increasing the organic matter in the soil that feeds plants. The little tunnels that worms leave behind allow air to travel through the soil, providing oxygen to plants and other organisms in the soil. These holes are coated with more of this polysaccharide material and create a ‘sponginess’ to the soil.

These holes are also tunnels in which beneficial fungi can grow. Beneficial fungi is most commonly known as mycchorizae, but also includes many other types of fungi including yeasts. Fungi in the soil help with moisture retention, nutrient uptake, and pathogen control. They also contribute to increases in organic matter in the soil. Fungi such as yeasts stimulate root growth, which helps plants not only access moisture but also help with the absorption of nutrients.

Increased access to nutrients in the soils means increased nutrients, flavors and smells in plants. A rich soil where plants can access as much as they need will produce plants that have more intense colors, flavors, and aromas.

Microbial Inoculants will work to improve the quality of the garden soil that you have in place. If you are struggling to maintain healthy plants, a microbial inoculant works well in any garden! Try adding a microbial inoculant to areas where your plants are struggling. You will certainly notice a difference between your plants that have been exposed to a microbial inoculant and those that have not. To ensure the success of all of your plants, using a microbial inoculant throughout your entire garden and throughout the gardening season is recommended. Building a strong soil base for your plants to grow in will not only help your long term plants stay strong, but will also help newer plants get a better start. A healthy soil base will encourage all of your plants to grow throughout your garden. Microbial inoculants are the safe and natural way to improve the growth of your plants and the overall success of your garden! Microbial inoculants are a great addition to any composting regimen and will contribute to a nutrient dense base for your garden. They are also a great addition to any other liquid organic fertilizers that you may be using.

Will I see benefits from using microbial inoculants?

Absolutely! Microbial inoculants are designed to help your plants grow from the start and promote the growth of your plant over its life, and they even support the environment around it. Using a microbial inoculant will ensure that you are doing everything you can to promote and encourage a healthy environment for your plants to thrive in. Microbial inoculants are easy to use and will help you build a strong and healthy environment for any plant or garden. If you are looking to improve your garden at home, this might be something that you want to try.

Thinking about trying a microbial inoculant for the first time? Compost teas add fungi and aerobic microbes and are inexpensive to make. If you are not one to fiddle around with things like making your own tea, products like EM-1 Microbial Inoculant are available and have a special balance of facultative microbes and are fairly inexpensive to use.

Eric Lancaster is Executive Vice President of TeraGanix, Inc., the exclusive North America distributor of Effective Microorganisms® and EM® Bokashi products. He is the technical expert on Effective Microorganisms® for the US market. Please visit www.TeraGanix.com for more information.

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Feminized Seeds: What they are and the top methods used to produce them https://www.skunkmagazine.com/feminized-seeds-what-they-are-and-the-top-methods-used-to-produce-them/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/feminized-seeds-what-they-are-and-the-top-methods-used-to-produce-them/#respond Tue, 12 Feb 2019 20:49:11 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7656   Feminized seeds produce only female plants, and when they germinate there will be few males among them if they are produced correctly. The threat of accidentally pollinating crops by misidentifying a male is minimized. A male-free crop is only one reason to use all-female seeds: another might be the preservation of a particular characteristic […]

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Feminized seeds produce only female plants, and when they germinate there will be few males among them if they are produced correctly. The threat of accidentally pollinating crops by misidentifying a male is minimized. A male-free crop is only one reason to use all-female seeds: another might be the preservation of a particular characteristic or plant type.

 

Close up: Female calyx.
The predominant way to preserve the exact genetics of a plant is by cloning. However, a plant crossed with itself produces seeds that retain its parent’s favorable characteristics. Another reason to use this technique is to create a hybrid of two female plants. If a branch of one female is turned “male,” there will be pollen to fertilize the other plant, and to create seed when no male is around. Feminized seeds are produced by inducing a normal female, not a hermaphrodite, to grow male flowers with viable pollen.

 

Close up: Female.
The pollen contains only female, or X, chromosomes because the plant has no Y, or male, chromosomes. The progeny will inherit an X from the male flower’s pollen and an X from the egg donor female flower. The resulting seeds can only inherit two X chromosomes, which means that almost all the resulting seeds will be girls! Congratulations!
 
Close up: Early male buds.
Feminized Seeds Are Not As Mysterious Or Weird As They Might Seem
In mature human females, taking male hormones causes masculinizing changes such as breast shrinkage, muscle bulking, and a lowering in voice pitch. The primary sex organs have already been formed, but they shrink. A similar thing happens when female plants are treated with masculinizing chemicals. The difference is that while a mature human has already formed her sex organs, every time a plant produces a new flower, it is growing a new sex organ. Plants under chemical influence grow viable male flowers, even though the plant is still a female with two X chromosomes, the pollen has only female chromosomes.

 

Male flower.

There Are Several Methods Used To Produce Feminized Seed

By far, the noted breeder Soma developed the easiest method. He noticed that when colas of many varieties reached late ripeness (which, by the way, I prefer as the harvest-time) a few viable male flowers appear. This is also a sign that the buds are ripe. Harvest the pollen using a fresh watercolor brush and brush it directly on the flowers or store it in a small glass or metal container. Not all varieties produce male flowers at the end of ripeness, but many do, and they do it reliably. Very small amounts of pollen are produced using this method, but a little pollen applied properly goes a long way.

 

Hermaphrodite cannabis plant.
Some varieties flower normally outdoors but experience indoor growing conditions as stressful and produce hermaphrodite flowers. The pollen from these male flowers can be used for breeding, provided that the resulting plants are going to be grown outdoors, where they won’t exhibit the unwanted hermaphroditism. Plant stresses such as irregular light cycles and heat sometimes induce hermaphroditism. However, stress techniques are not reliable. They only seem to work when you don’t want them to, and I haven’t found a stress regimen that ensures masculinization. Should this happen accidentally in a garden with a valuable variety, be opportunistic and collect the pollen, even if you have no plans to use it.

Laboratories And Commercial Seed Producers Use Three Chemicals To Induce Male Flowers In Female Plants: Gibberellic Acid, Silver Nitrate, And Silver Thiosulfate

 

Spraying commercial spray on a group of plants.
They each inhibit the plant’s production of ethylene, a hormone that promotes female flowering. Without ethylene, female flower production is reduced or stopped. The actions of these chemicals are localized. If only one branch of a plant is sprayed, that branch will be the only one affected. The rest of the plant will continue growing female flowers, not males.

 

Close up: Male flower.
Gibberellins are hormones that plants produce to regulate many phases of their growth. Several of the gibberellins, such as GA3, 4, 5 and 7, induce male flowers when they are sprayed on female plants before they begin flowering. GA3, which is the gibberellin most commonly available commercially, is the most effective. For best results, use a solution of 0.01% (0.1 gram GA3 in a liter of distilled water). Gibberellin must be used carefully. Lower doses result in fewer male flowers. Higher amounts have an inhibitory effect. Lightly spray the tops of the plant for five consecutive days and then force the plants to flower by increasing the uninterrupted dark period to 12 hours a day. The sprayed area will stretch a bit, but within two weeks, the first signs of male flowers will appear. They will be ripe and ready to release pollen in another two weeks.

 

Male cannabis flower.
 
Silver thiosulfate is more effective than silver nitrate; that is, it induces more male flowers. Sometimes the two chemicals are used together. Spray the plant until the liquid drips off the leaves. Then immediately change the light regimen from vegetative to flowering. The leaves will droop and stop growing for a few days, yellow a bit and then regain turgidity. Male flower growth will become apparent in a couple of weeks. The flowers will ripen a few weeks later. Silver thiosulfate is made by combining two water solutions, one containing silver nitrate and the other, sodium thiosulfate. Silver nitrate alone can also be used to induce male flowers. Spray a solution of 0.02- 0.03% on the plant, and then turn the lights to a 12-hour flowering cycle. The leaves will droop for a day or so and then resume turgidity. Male flower growth will become apparent in a couple of weeks and ripen a few weeks later. To make a 0.02% solution, add 0.1 gram of silver nitrate in 0.5 liters of distilled water. Because of market demand, almost all the seed companies offer most of their popular varieties as feminized seed. They are the best choice for most gardeners. The exception is gardeners interested in breeding.
 
Republished with permission from EdRosenthal.com
 

 
ABOUT ED ROSENTHAL “THE GURU OF GANJA” Ed Rosenthal is a leading cannabis horticulture authority, author, educator, social activist and legalization pioneer. He writes the much loved and long-running cannabis column, ‘Ask Ed’, and his seminal cannabis growers guide, Ed Rosenthal’s Marijuana Grower’s Handbook has become the definitive marijuana cultivation resource, inspiring millions to learn the best marijuana cultivation techniques. His upcoming book, Beyond Buds, Next Generation, is the indispensable guide for anyone looking for perspective on the next generation of cannabis innovation. You can order your copy HERE today.

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How To Make THC Vape Juice: A Complete Guide on E-liquids https://www.skunkmagazine.com/thc-vape-juice/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/thc-vape-juice/#respond Fri, 08 Feb 2019 21:21:40 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7613 How to make THC vape juice is something surely useful to know simply because the E-juice is one of the most discrete ways to consume cannabis without anyone even noticing the smell. Sure, the effects will be visible on you, but if you know how to handle it, then knowing how to make THC vape juice is your […]

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How to make THC vape juice is something surely useful to know simply because the E-juice is one of the most discrete ways to consume cannabis without anyone even noticing the smell. Sure, the effects will be visible on you, but if you know how to handle it, then knowing how to make THC vape juice is your free pass to enjoying your weed whenever and wherever you want.

How to make THC vape juice?

By following this guide you will learn how to make THC vape juice and be able to discretely enjoy or medicate with weed throughout the day without anyone noticing. Read below for an easy recipe on how to make THC vape juice at home to use in your vape pen. You no longer have to buy those expensive juices and e-liquids for your e-cig or regular liquid pen vaporizer. So let’s begin.

The technique on how to make THC vape juice

Vaporizing cannabis is one of the most effective ways of consuming the fine plant that we’ve all come to know and love. Not only do you need less product,  but you end up with much less of the tell-tale smell that screams you’ve been smoking. Eating cannabis baked into cookies, fudge, and brownies (i.e. edibles) is also another effective delivery method, but it takes longer for the effects of the THC to kick in due to digestion. Using shatter or wax can take a complex dab rig or specialty vaporizers. However, anyone with an authentic liquid pen vaporizer or box that handles e-juice can vaporize THC E juice easily.

Just as a clarification, the “E” in THC E juice stands for “electronic” — meaning it can be vaporized using an electronic device like an e-cig or liquid vaporizer. The process of making one is relatively simple and it involves just a few tools that you may already have.

Paying attention to the THC dosage

Before we get into detailed instructions on how to infuse e-juice with THC, it’s important to talk a bit about dosage. You don’t want to make your juice too strong nor too weak. THC E Juice creation starts with wax or shatter. Assuming you are getting your wax or shatter from a dispensary, there should be dosage information on the package. If you are using another source, ask them if they know the percentage of THC the wax has in it. A good rule of thumb is that most solvent based hash-oils will land in the 60-90% THC range. If you have a glob of wax that weighs in at one gram, and that wax is 80% THC, then the dose will measure out to 800mg of THC. Keep in mind that the recommended starting dose for something edible is only 5-10% or 5-10mg. Dabs and THC E Juice are definitely not for beginners to cannabis consumption.

The recipe on how to make THC vape juice

First of all, we will cover the basic making of an e juice at home from scratch before we get to the infusing process – just in case for the newbies among you. So, you will need some empty glass dropper bottles or plastic unicorn tip bottles with childproof caps. You’ll probably want some latex gloves to protect your hands. You will also need blunt tip syringes for accurate measuring, though you can use the counting drops method if you prefer. You will need propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). Both are FDA approved and already used in many foods we all eat every day. Your base – this is the liquid before you add flavoring or nicotine – will be anywhere from 50/50 to 80/20 VG to PG. As long as you stay in this range, you should be safe.

Vape pens

Vape pens via leafly.

Once you have created the base, it’s just a matter of adding flavors or infusing herbs into the base until the desired taste and concentration is reached. There are many methods to steeping, but the easiest method is to cap your home-made e-juice bottles and let them sit in a dark, cool place for a few days.

THC E juice infusion

After covering the basics of how to make THC vape juice, what you need to know is how to infuse THC into a base using wax or shatter. If you need to know how to make THC E juice from buds, you are looking at a longer and much more involved process. Basically, you’ll need to extract the THC from raw plant material first.

The ingredients:

  • 1 gram of hash oil (wax, shatter, or rosinis best)
  • Bottle of your preferred e-juice mix of PG and VG

The instructions:

  • In a ceramic bowl, use a spoon to flatten your gram of wax, shatter, or other hash oil. Cover it with parchment or wax paper to keep it from sticking to the spoon.
  • Melt your wax. There are a couple of methods to accomplish this. One is to place the bowl with the flattened material in a bowl of warm water for a few minutes. Another method is to pop it in the microwave and use the “defrost” setting for a minute at a time. Get the mixture runny.
  • Begin adding drops of your VG/PG mix (start with about 30) and stir for about a minute. The wax and the VG/PG mix should be completely incorporated.
  • Let the mixture cool completely. It should be about the consistency of honey. If it is too thick, warm it again slowly and add more drops of your VG/PG mix until it is the correct consistency.
  • Place your THC-infused e-juice into your vaporizer and enjoy!

Now that you know how to make THC vape juice, you are free to enjoy your favorite strain anywhere on all occasions. Sure, there might be some hint of cannabis in the air, but not nearly as much as if you were smoking a joint or a bowl of bud. Keep in mind you could also use this method to create CBD E-Juice by using either CBD concentrates or making concentrates from strains high in CBD. Happy vaping!

 

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HappyDay Farms – December 27th https://www.skunkmagazine.com/happyday-farms-december-27th/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/happyday-farms-december-27th/#respond Fri, 08 Feb 2019 19:15:40 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=6717 It is important to carve out time for unplugging and reconnecting. Life is a process of gathering input that is utilized to form a world-view. This understanding can be made more effective by the opportunity to reflect and synthesize lessons. There are connections waiting between different pieces of input, but there must be an opportunity […]

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It is important to carve out time for unplugging and reconnecting. Life is a process of gathering input that is utilized to form a world-view. This understanding can be made more effective by the opportunity to reflect and synthesize lessons. There are connections waiting between different pieces of input, but there must be an opportunity for them to occur.

I read a great deal, and I have been enjoying the lessons that varied reading materials have offered for my process. A book called the Celestine Prophecy outlines the idea that we are all on a unique journey and pathway, and that the universe leaves clues along the way for us. Every step in the journey offers insight and meaning if we are aware of it. Looking at life through this lens creates curiosity and optimism about the world; it is the essence of hope.

I feel hope for the future because I believe in a better world. I believe that we humans have the ability to work with nature to counteract climate change and desertification. The history of colonialism has been one of environmental and human degradation. We have an opportunity to right the wrongs of the past and move forward into a more equitable future.
Food systems work creates an opportunity for a nexus between social justice movements and environmentalism through a focus on decentralized production models that utilize regenerative land-use practices. Small, diversified producers who have the time and resources to engage in beneficial methodologies are uniquely suited to address climate change.

This nexus between decentralized production models and centralized funding, distribution, aggregation, and logistics models should be a focal point of social systems study. A focus on supporting decentralization in land use would be a step back toward a realization of the Jeffersonian Agrarian Vision. Small-holders utilizing infrastructure grants to monetize beneficial land-use practices is the answer to climate change and the anomie of the industrial paradigm.

Quantifying increases in soil organic matter, biomass, and biodiversity, water-holding capacity, and carbon sequestration create demonstrable metrics that can be assessed to gauge program functionality. Happiness indexes will show clear gains in the perception that people have of their ability to engage in meaningful and productive work. Communities will thrive amidst landscapes that increase in bounty and productive capacity.

A focus on forest management for thinning and culling on an individualized, low impact scale would avoid the problems associated with industrial timber practices while providing the opportunity for localized management systems that offer work and purpose. The resulting biomass will be used to build soil health via composting and hügelkultur and utilizing brush for check dams that slow the flow of water in ephemeral channels.
Land-use programs that help keep smallholders on the land can reduce siltation in rivers and erosion from the hills. Irrigation of grasslands via small reservoirs along with rotational grazing can be utilized to create greenbelts in the high country that are capable of holding more water and are less likely to suffer catastrophic wildfire.
Localized food production and land-management programs create an opportunity for effective, place-based knowledge and practice, minimizing waste and maximizing efficiency without sacrificing quality of life. Qualitative measures should be taken into account along with quantitative analyses that demonstrate the effectiveness of regenerative land-use practices.

Production systems that are not designed to provide the entirety of farm revenue create avenues for increasing biodiversity. Monocrop systems are often justified via a pure economic bottom-line argument that externalizes costs. Removing the purely economic argument via grant resources would incentivize diverse, polyculture landscapes that utilize regenerative land practices.

Building a cultural dialogue around regenerative land-use is an equal part of the task. A sharing of knowledge and information via open-source discussions and technology platforms enables a much more rapid evolution of process than has ever been possible. We have new tools, new ways of learning and sharing; coupling this with a common desire to see a better future for humanity and the planet gives us a powerful new platform from which to work. We stand on the shoulders of giants to carry forward the goal of a world that is just and equitable for all.

For more information: http://happydayfarmscsa.com

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How to Remember a Hero https://www.skunkmagazine.com/how-to-remember-a-hero/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/how-to-remember-a-hero/#respond Fri, 08 Feb 2019 19:13:45 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7523 First, I would like to introduce myself: I am Jeffrey Peron, brother of Dennis Peron, the author of Proposition 215.   I am also the father of a twenty-one-year-old son with Autism. I have been told that we are the sum total of our memories and life experiences and that our loved ones will live […]

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First, I would like to introduce myself: I am Jeffrey Peron, brother of Dennis Peron, the author of Proposition 215.   I am also the father of a twenty-one-year-old son with Autism.
I have been told that we are the sum total of our memories and life experiences and that our loved ones will live on as long as we remember them.  In every life there are ups and downs; I choose to reflect on the positives.
My brother and I come from suburban New York.  Dennis was the second of five boys and I am the fifth.  Recently, a childhood friend told me when we were growing up he thought of Dennis as a hero.  Dennis was always a leader; the newspaper boys, in school, in dance contests, always and he was not shy.  Dennis spent four years in the Air Force then moved to San Francisco where he led a movement for social change.
Our time here is temporary, but if we’re fortunate we can leave behind our legacy.  My brother Dennis was a pioneer of cannabis legislation with the passing of Proposition 215 in 1996.  He changed the attitude of the state of California, the nation and beyond.  That is a legacy to be proud of.
In the weeks since my brother has passed, many people have reached out to me either through social media or in person.  Like the young woman who approached me in the park.  She told me how Dennis saved her from a life of opioid addiction and living on the street.  The father who told me how CBD oils helped his daughter with her autism symptoms and are receiving it at school.  The veteran who told me how smoking cannabis helped him get over the trauma of combat.  Another man who told me how smoking cannabis helped his spouse get through chemotherapy.  The athlete who related how cannabis products help him with the pain of his injuries.  There are countless personal stories.  I want to thank all the people that have reached out to me with your stories and memories.  It touched me in a very deep and personal way.
Research is showing that cannabis products can help many conditions including chronic pain, autism, anxiety, depression, nausea, rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, diabetes, PTSD, alcoholism, strokes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and the list goes on.  It is true that cannabis products will not work in all cases, but neither do the traditional pharmaceuticals currently being used.  Obviously, more research needs to be done.  But cannabis is a schedule one substance.  So little research will be done and to the best of my knowledge insurance will not cover it.  Visions of Reefer Madness still continue to this day.
Modern medicine has an arsenal of drugs which include anti-pain, anti-inflammatory, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and so on.  Insurance companies now regularly cover prescriptions for drugs like Oxycontin.  Schools dispense drugs like Ritalin every day, even encouraging their use in some cases.  Make no mistake; those are dangerous products.  Most traditional pharmaceuticals can be safe and therapeutic when used correctly.  Even so, when misused and, in some cases, dispensed correctly they can trigger medical emergencies.  As long as cannabis is a schedule one substance, traditional pharmaceuticals will be the first choice for doctors.  The chance of any cannabis product triggering a medical emergency is low.
The passing of my brother Dennis is the end of an era.  Since 1996 twenty-nine states and ten countries now have some form of legal cannabis and more are on the way.  This would not have come to pass without the Compassionate Use Act!
As of January 1st with the enactment of AUMA we are at the dawn of a new era.  Recently, Dennis and I attended the New West Summit.  We spoke to some people from Colorado who said, “I am waiting to see what California does with AUMA because California will do it right.” They also added, “California has always led the way.”  But is that still true?
Dennis did not support Proposition 64; he felt cannabis would be over taxed and over regulated.  Since November 2016 many people spoke to Dennis and me about the problems with Proposition 64.  Compassion programs are in question, children may not be able to receive cannabis products in schools and it goes on.  In my opinion, AUMA is too complicated and tried to address too many issues at once.  So, we have this package deal.  Maybe we like part of the package, but not others or we don’t understand the whole thing.  Take the whole package or leave it is the choice.  Someone said to me “It’s like we have to do their job for them and write the regulations ourselves.”  But that is exactly what Californians must do!  That is what Dennis did with Proposition 215.  We must insist on reasonable and fair regulations.  When regulations are overly burdensome, only big business can join.  The black market thrives, and we invite crime.
In my opinion, when we try to address too many issues with one piece of legislation, it gets too complicated and we don’t address the different issues on their own merit.  Then we a have a package deal that’s both good and bad.  We should keep the focus simple and narrow.
One thing Dennis would want is for cannabis to be taken off the drug schedule.  I ask you, in the name of Dennis Peron tell our elected officials at every level to take cannabis off the drug schedule, in our towns, in our cities, in our nation.  Just keep it that simple!  That would be a fitting end for Dennis’s legacy.
Like all good leaders, Dennis inspired others to follow.  Dennis was kind, compassionate and generous.  My big brother was a hero.  So, if we truly are the sum total of our memories and our experiences, then I am glad to have quite a few memories with Dennis.  Many people also have memories and experiences with Dennis. So, he will live on
Follow Dennis Peron, @dennisperon

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Vancouver Threatens Enforcement to Unlicensed Cannabis Dispensaries https://www.skunkmagazine.com/vancouver-threatens-enforcement-to-unlicensed-cannabis-dispensaries/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/vancouver-threatens-enforcement-to-unlicensed-cannabis-dispensaries/#respond Thu, 07 Feb 2019 22:09:11 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=6694 The City of Vancouver is taking serious steps to legitimize cannabis sales by warning all unlicensed cannabis dispensaries that they will be subject to both civil and criminal charges if they continue to operate. Last week, city officials issued three more cannabis business licenses, but made it clear that store who attempt to operate outside […]

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The City of Vancouver is taking serious steps to legitimize cannabis sales by warning all unlicensed cannabis dispensaries that they will be subject to both civil and criminal charges if they continue to operate. Last week, city officials issued three more cannabis business licenses, but made it clear that store who attempt to operate outside of the legal framework will feel the repercussions.

Unlicensed Dispensary Injunctions

At the end of 2018, Vancouver issued 53 injunctions opposing these storefronts and British Columbia’s Supreme Court ordered all unlicensed cannabis dispensaries to close their doors. Those unlicensed retailers who refuse to shutdown have been threatened with costly litigation, hefty fines and even jail time.

Vancouver’s chief licensing inspector, Kathryn Holm, recently stated that, “Our goal is always voluntary compliance with any bylaw enforcement. That obviously hasn’t been the case here, so we escalate with the tools we have. That includes fines, legal orders to close injunctions, referrals to a prosecutor’s office and access to the provincial court system to get a ruling.”

Holm has been in contact with some of the known unlicensed cannabis dispensaries noting that, “Our conversation has been with the operators to ensure that they fully understand and agree to be compliant and are establishing timelines to close.” However there are several retailers who have made it known that they do not intend on closing.

Vancouver Increasing Enforcement

Those unlicensed cannabis dispensaries in Vancouver that are ceasing to operate want a level playing field and accountability from those who intentionally violate the injunctions. Owner of Evergreen Cannabis Society, Mike Babbins, expressed his frustration with this double standard saying, “You know it’s like being a brother and sister, and the brother’s following all the rules and sister gets away with everything and what could you do? Mommy’s not looking.”

The only way to hold these businesses accountable is through enforcement. While there is no official time frame for when Vancouver law enforcement will be cracking down on unlicensed cannabis dispensaries, Holm did remark that, “We certainly are not taking our foot off the gas. With respect to enforcement, we’ve continued to escalate and take the steps that we can.”

 

For more information, visit IndicaOnline.com

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The King’s Choice:Our 5 Ultimate and Bestselling Strains with High THC https://www.skunkmagazine.com/the-kings-choiceour-5-ultimate-and-bestselling-strains-with-high-thc/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/the-kings-choiceour-5-ultimate-and-bestselling-strains-with-high-thc/#respond Thu, 07 Feb 2019 20:58:59 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7526 URL Email The King’s Choice: Our 5 Ultimate and Bestselling Strains with High THC As Canadians are now in the third month of cannabis legalization and Americans are quickly gaining access state by state, Crop King Seeds would like to give the canna-curious some useful info for all growers, new and experienced alike. With over […]

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The King’s Choice: Our 5 Ultimate and Bestselling Strains with High THC

As Canadians are now in the third month of cannabis legalization and Americans are quickly gaining access state by state, Crop King Seeds would like to give the canna-curious some useful info for all growers, new and experienced alike.

With over a decade of experience providing world-class cannabis seeds while supporting grassroots initiatives and sponsoring events, Crop King Seeds has played a vital role in developing the current cannabis culture across North America. As opinions and stigma begin to shift post-legalization with more people growing now than ever before, Crop King Seeds is proud to highlight its 5 best-selling strains!

White Widow: 

The world’s so-called most popular strain also happens to be a Crop King Seeds bestseller. Our White Widow is a feminized auto-flower, making it an excellent choice for new growers. With a quick 8-week flowering time, White Widow delivers an intense cerebral high that can catch new consumers off guard. The combination of being easy to grow and the powerhouse high it produces keeps White Widow in demand for novice and experienced growers.

 

Cali OG Kush/Haze: 

Ah, “The King” exclusive. The Cali OG Kush/Haze strain boasts an esteemed lineage with a long-lasting high consistently reviewed as “exquisite” and “resilient”. With a THC content of +24%, people love this uplifting, stress-busting strain, making it an easy contender for a top 5 Crop King Seeds strain.

 

Purple Kush: 

Purple Kush is a delightful treat. This versatile strain has the aroma of flowers and berries with a pinch of earthiness. With a short flowering time of 8 to 10 weeks and THC levels over 25%, experienced growers can’t get enough of this strain. Purple Kush provides a great out-of-body high– perfect for any Sunday. Who doesn’t love relaxing Sunday vibes?

 

Green Crack: 

Don’t let the name fool you, Green Crack is a smooth, citrusy strain. Named by Snoop Dogg himself, this Sativa-dominant hybrid contains up to 24% THC and flowers in 9-10 weeks. Unlike Purple Kush, Green Crack does NOT keep you glued to the couch. The impressive yields are perfect for anyone looking for an uplifting, spacey high.

Gelato

Crop King’s newest strain release, Gelato, is already flying off the shelves. The record-breaking sales in just 2 days are due in part to the enticing 27% THC level and quick flowering time of 8-10 weeks. Additionally, experienced growers looking for something new will love the 500-700 grams per plant! If you’re planning your spring garden, be sure to include Gelato to your list!

Visit us online at www.cropkingseeds.com or call 1-844-CROP-KING and grow like a king!

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Nebraska Medical Marijuana Campaign Submits Constitutional Ballot Initiative Language https://www.skunkmagazine.com/nebraska-medical-marijuana-campaign-submits-constitutional-ballot-initiative-language/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/nebraska-medical-marijuana-campaign-submits-constitutional-ballot-initiative-language/#respond Wed, 06 Feb 2019 22:46:43 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=7461 Nebraskans for Sensible Marijuana Laws, led by State Senators Anna Wishart and Adam Morfeld, takes the next step towards placing an initiative on the 2020 ballot Nebraskans for Sensible Marijuana Laws, a campaign committee working to reform the state’s marijuana laws, has submitted its proposed medical marijuana initiative to the Nebraska Secretary of State for […]

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Nebraskans for Sensible Marijuana Laws, led by State Senators Anna Wishart and Adam Morfeld, takes the next step towards placing an initiative on the 2020 ballot

Nebraskans for Sensible Marijuana Laws, a campaign committee working to reform the state’s marijuana laws, has submitted its proposed medical marijuana initiative to the Nebraska Secretary of State for official review.

The initiative, if approved by voters in the November 2020 election, would amend Nebraska’s state constitution to protect the right of Nebraskans with serious medical conditions to access medical marijuana.

“We are excited to file this proposed initiative and begin the process of qualifying for the 2020 ballot,” said Senator Anna Wishart, campaign co-chair. “This constitutional amendment is concise and effective, and represents a positive step forward for public health policy in Nebraska.”

Lawmakers in Lincoln are currently considering legislation introduced by Wishart to establish a fully regulated medical marijuana law.

“My preference remains the legislative process. My hope is that my colleagues will see the strong support among Nebraska voters for medical marijuana and act upon that support by passing a law this year,” said Wishart.

The proposed initiative, which can be viewed below, establishes constitutional protections for patients and caregivers.

“Our proposed constitutional amendment will protect patients and establish the foundation upon which a medical marijuana program will be built,” said Senator Adam Morfeld, campaign co-chair. “After we enact this constitutional amendment, access to medical marijuana will become a constitutional right, and the legislature will need to enact detailed regulations into law.”

PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT:

Section 1. At the general election in November 2020, the following proposed amendment to the Constitution of Nebraska shall be submitted to the electors of the State of Nebraska for approval or rejection:

To add a new section xx to Article xx:

xx-xx The people of Nebraska, if recommended by a physician or nurse practitioner, have the right to use, possess, access, and safely and discreetly produce an adequate supply of cannabis, cannabis preparations, products and materials, and cannabis-related equipment to alleviate diagnosed serious medical conditions without facing arrest, prosecution, or civil or criminal penalties. A minor with a serious medical condition only has the right to use cannabis if recommended by a physician or nurse practitioner and with the consent of a custodial parent or legal guardian.

These rights include accessing cannabis, cannabis preparations, products and materials, and cannabis-related equipment from state-legal private entities in Nebraska, subject only to reasonable laws, rules, and regulations that promote the health and safety of patients, ensure continued access by patients to the type and quantity of cannabis they need, and prevent diversion without imposing an undue burden on patients or providers or compromising patients’ confidentiality. A person who has been recommended medical cannabis may be assisted by a caregiver in exercising these rights.

This section shall not be construed to allow the smoking of cannabis in public or possession of cannabis in detention facilities, nor shall it allow driving while impaired by cannabis or otherwise engaging in conduct that would be negligent to undertake while impaired by cannabis. This section does not require an employer to allow an employee to work while impaired by cannabis, nor does it require any insurance provider to cover medical cannabis.

For more information, visit Nebraskans for Sensible Marijuana Laws

 

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Things to Plant Now for Spring https://www.skunkmagazine.com/things-to-plant-now-for-spring/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/things-to-plant-now-for-spring/#respond Wed, 06 Feb 2019 20:38:24 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=6722 Why wait for spring to plant your favorite items? You can plant food and flower items all throughout the year in many climates. You may be in the heart of winter now, but soon the trees will sprout leaves and the wildflowers will return. Consider planting some of these items in advance of the spring […]

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Why wait for spring to plant your favorite items? You can plant food and flower items all throughout the year in many climates. You may be in the heart of winter now, but soon the trees will sprout leaves and the wildflowers will return. Consider planting some of these items in advance of the spring season for your enjoyment.

Peas: Peas can survive very cold temperatures, so they are ideal for growing in cold climates during the winter months. You can enjoy them sooner than if you waited until spring to plant them.

Broccoli: This hearty, healthy vegetable is tough enough to brave the cold elements. It may grow slowly over the winter, but in the spring it will begin to accelerate quickly. You could enjoy broccoli harvests as early as the first week of June if you plant it at the right time and take care of it.

Lettuce: Lettuce is the most versatile and useful vegetable that you can plant in the winter months. Think of all the different ways you can use lettuce in your diet. It’s best to plant lettuce in January so that it is fresh and ready to eat by April or May. Lettuce can really take a pounding from cold temperatures, and it will come out the other side of winter alive and well.

Carrots: No winter garden would be complete without carrots. The crisp, crunchy, orange vegetables perfectly complement lettuce in salads and on sandwiches. You can also use them as healthy snacks. Carrots can take a little bit of extra time to grow depending on the weather, but they are worthy additions to your garden. It’s not surprising that carrots are also used in stews even in the late periods of winter in some areas.

Spinach: Spinach is one of the healthiest foods on the planet, and the good news is that it can grow during harsher times in your climate. It can be planted right along with your lettuce, and it should achieve great results in the same time. Spring is the time when everyone likes to start eating more salads, and the spinach will be ready just in time to enjoy.

Kale: This popular, healthy green shouldn’t be skipped in your garden this winter. It is, however, more susceptible to cold and should be regulated by growing it indoors. A winter frost could wipe the plant out quickly.

Consider planting some of these vegetables and leafy greens now to enjoy a bountiful harvest come spring and summer!

Eric Lancaster is Executive Vice President of TeraGanix, Inc., the exclusive North America distributor of Effective Microorganisms® and EM® Bokashi products. He is the technical expert on Effective Microorganisms® for the US market. Please visit www.TeraGanix.com for more information.

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