Skunk Magazine https://www.skunkmagazine.com Not Your Ordinary Cannabis Site Wed, 17 Jul 2019 20:28:04 +0000 en-CA hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.2.2 https://i2.wp.com/www.skunkmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/cropped-favicon.png?fit=32%2C32&ssl=1 Skunk Magazine https://www.skunkmagazine.com 32 32 158131307 Flowering Container Building for Just Water https://www.skunkmagazine.com/flowering-container-building-for-just-water/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/flowering-container-building-for-just-water/#respond Wed, 17 Jul 2019 20:28:04 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=10189 Greetings green peeps. Hold on to your butts’ man, we are going to go on a bit of a deep dive for some of you. Using just the living soil—jacked up a bit by yours truly—in some specialty containers (self-watering containers) you can find fairly easily at places like Wallyworld, we can build a fairly […]

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Greetings green peeps. Hold on to your butts’ man, we are going to go on a bit of a deep dive for some of you. Using just the living soil—jacked up a bit by yours truly—in some specialty containers (self-watering containers) you can find fairly easily at places like Wallyworld, we can build a fairly small sized container that will go through flowering with you just adding water.

Just Add Water – Period

The learning curve here is simple, do as I advise and don’t wing anything you are not an expert in. The hard part for most of you will be the restraint you will need to show. No feeding or fixing your plants; period. Just add water, and experience something supernaturally delicious! Don’t trip out about your yields, they will be fine. One of the biggest secrets to large all-natural growing yields is all about what’s NOT in them; believe it.

 

What You Will Need to Proceed

Self-Watering Container
  • Lock down your chlorine free water source first (between 50-90 PPM)
  • TDS Meter
  • Self-watering containers (always water from the top not the tray opening)
  • Perlite
  • Good soil (e.g. Ocean Forest or G&B commercial types)
  • Earthworm castings
  • Dolomite lime
  • DE (diatomaceous earth) food or agricultural grade only
  • Crab meal
  • Kelp meal
  • Bone meal (fishbone meal is awesome)
  • Granulated bird or bat guano (chicken guano is all good)
  • Steer manure (composted)
  • Shredded bark mulch
  • A tarp
  • Granular Mycorrhizal (Myco) Fungus Product

Preamble—The Soil Prep

Quality 1.5 Cubic Foot Bagged Soil – Ocean Forest by Foxfarm

The soil you are using to actually transplant with needs to be slightly moist, but nowhere near wet. For the purposes of this article I will use a standard 1.5 cu. ft. bag of good soil (see photo) and for those of you that don’t know, that’s about 9 gallons of soil. Dump soil out onto a tarp for easier mixing, and then mix in perlite, earthworm castings, dolomite lime, DE, and a little steer manure. Here are the ratios:

  • 3 cups steer manure
  • 3 gallons perlite
  • 3 tablespoons DE
  • 4 tablespoons dolomite lime
  • 8 cups earthworm castings

Mix all these with the soil very well and let this sit for 2 days, making sure to turn over this soil at least twice per day. Don’t add more than I recommend, even though you will likely want to, LoL. The small additions will pack a great punch, and will process very fast in the soil/earthworm castings blend, so as not to be damaging to roots.

Container Prep

Into the bottom catch tray through the lower access port of each of the self-watering containers pour in:

  • 1 tablespoon kelp meal
  • 1 tablespoon of granular guano

Now, on to the inside of the pot itself … Into the bottom trough inside the container itself you will want to add a little perlite first, then add 3ish tablespoons of steer manure, and 1 teaspoon of bone meal on top. After this cover with about 1” layer of soil and let this sit for a day before proceeding.

You can do the soil mixing and the container preps at the same time so your total waiting time before proceeding will be 2 days. In other words, you let your soil mix process on the tarp for a whole 24 hrs. at least then you can use that soil mix to top off the bottom container prep with the 1” soil layer. You NEVER want living roots to be put into direct contact with raw nutrient elements of any kind.

Let’s Transplant

Sprinkle down some granular Myco fungus. Place the plant’s root-ball down on top of the soil layer and Myco. Then fill in with your soil—DO NOT COMPACT ANYTHING AT ALL—and bring it up to proper level. Use a sprayer to spay down the top of the soil a bit at this point, because you will be using spikes from my TLO style of growing (see video) and I recommend using Espoma brand granular chicken guano here for the spikes, but granular bird or bat guano will work too.

Always place spike holes away from the roots! Okay, next we are going to sprinkle down about a tablespoon of chicken guano and about a teaspoon of crab meal. The crab meal is awesome and brings a lot of chitin into your game, which is awesome! Along with a very nice slow release nitrogen and plenty of calcium. Spray some water on the top of the soil with the amendments top dressed and then add your shredded bark mulch layer. Boom! There you have it. NOTE: In the video I didn’t add the tablespoon of chicken guano just under the bark mulch layer, totally spaced it—D’Oh!

Where to Get Stuff

Basically, you can get everything on Amazon if you want to; but any good nursery should have most of it. As far as my very favorite and highly recommended granular chicken guano, I will give you a link to that below. I recommend crab meal over shrimp meal, in the past I have experienced insect infestations using shrimp meal, so there’s that.

Last but not least—RESIST FEEDING OR FIXING YOUR PLANTS—they will be adjusting to their new environment and you just need to supply good water. They can get over any small issues on their own. If you are growing under big 1,000-watt lights I would use the 3- or 4-gallon sized pots, depending on how large they will get. Under 400-watt lights, the container size I like is a tad over 2 gallons, and I harvest these plants at about 2.5’ – 3’ tall.

Sorry I’m so Magoo still with my videos—LoL—I’ll get better. Make sure to always water the containers from the top and don’t water using the tray access port at the bottom. You want the water in the tray basically to be a semi-constant food source, like a semi-constant tea. So just add water and watch what happens. Cheers, salutations, and best of luck not feeding, fixing, or adjusting the pH of anything.

LINK TO REV’S FAVORITE GRANULAR CHICKEN GUANO BY ESPOMA

LINK: Espoma GM25 Organic 3-2-3 Chicken Manure, 25 lb

This product is also available in a 3.5 lb. bag at Amazon as well. The above link is to the 25 lb. bag.

 

 

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GrowerIQ Announces Cutting-Edge Sensor Technology to Prevent Crop Loss https://www.skunkmagazine.com/groweriq-announces-sensor-technology-to-prevent-crop-loss/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/groweriq-announces-sensor-technology-to-prevent-crop-loss/#respond Tue, 09 Jul 2019 15:15:30 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=10193 Collaboration on world’s first cannabis organic compound sensor Allows early attack detection, letting growers nip problem in bud Sensor integrated into GrowerIQ’s cultivation platform TORONTO, July 9, 2019 /CNW/ – GrowerIQ, a seed-to-sale technology and cannabis cultivation platform provider, and Dr. Tina Kasal-Slavik, a chemical ecologist at the Free University of Berlin, announced an agreement to […]

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  • Collaboration on world’s first cannabis organic compound sensor
  • Allows early attack detection, letting growers nip problem in bud
  • Sensor integrated into GrowerIQ’s cultivation platform
  • TORONTO, July 9, 2019 /CNW/ – GrowerIQ, a seed-to-sale technology and cannabis cultivation platform provider, and Dr. Tina Kasal-Slavik, a chemical ecologist at the Free University of Berlin, announced an agreement to commercialize the world’s first sensor based on cannabis plant chemicals. The sensor decodes plant messages about afflictions before obvious visual symptoms, allowing growers enough warning to prevent widespread crop loss.

    GrowerIQ will assist in the development of the sensing algorithm and provide an evaluation opportunity through trial deployment across a select group of cannabis clients. Dr. Kasal-Slavik will provide plant science knowledge to identify detected compounds.

    GrowerIQ Announces Cutting-Edge Sensor Technology to Prevent Crop Loss (CNW Group/GrowerIQ)

    This represents the world’s first cannabis organic compound sensor, creating an early warning system to prevent crop loss.

    GrowerIQ COO Andrew Wilson stated, “The commercial impact of this early warning system cannot be overstated. Pest and mould or mildew infestations regularly impact crops. Waiting until the infestation is large enough to notice is too late. These crop loss events are very expensive.”

    According to Master Grower Shlomo Booklin, “Due to the crop’s medicinal nature, we are restricted in chemical use. Early detection is critical, since this cuts pesticide use dramatically. We want to address issues before uncontrolled infestations! That’s why Dr. Tina’s technology is a game-changer.”

    For Dr. Kasal-Slavik, possible applications are endless, “This method can be applied to different plant species in very early stages of stress. It has the potential to lead to pesticide-free greenhouse plant production.”

    Plants under duress communicate by sending/receiving specific chemicals. These messages contain clues about both attackers and severity. Minutes after an aphid attack, a host-plant releases a multipurpose chemical message alerting other organisms that it’s being fed upon. If picked up by neighbouring plants, this message is interpreted as a warning to prepare. If received by a predatory ladybug, it’s interpreted as a ringing dinner bell to a nearby aphid feast.

    Dr. Kasal-Slavik discovered we can decode these messages to gain insight. It’s possible to evaluate plant health before any obvious visual symptoms of attack. This can be used to build an early warning system, alerting growers to infected plants.

    These sensors will be integrated into GrowerIQ’s platform, adding more tools to the cultivator’s toolbox.

    ABOUT GROWERIQ
    GrowerIQ is a compliant cannabis cultivation management platform, designed in partnership with Master Grower Shlomo Booklin. The first platform to integrate all facility systems, including sensors, controls, QMS, and ERP, into a single interface. Insights from Shlomo’s 30+ years of agronomist experience were built into the software. GrowerIQ leverages proprietary machine learning technology to automate your facility and provide quality boosting cultivation insights. GrowerIQ changes the way cultivators use software – transforming a regulatory requirement into a platform to learn, analyze, and improve crop performance.

    ABOUT DR. TINA KASAL-SLAVIK
    Tina is a postdoctoral researcher at the Molecular ecology department at the Free University of Berlin, where she investigates plant-insect interactions. She recognized that plant chemicals could be understood as part of plant communication, so her focus remains on developing a biotic stress early warning system for plants.

    ABOUT SHLOMO BOOKLIN
    Shlomo, GrowerIQ’s Master Grower, is a recognized cannabis expert, having worked on numerous large-scale international projects, including some of the biggest names in Canadian cannabis. Shlomo is an approved RPIC, with security clearance from Health Canada. Insights from Shlomo’s decades of commercial cultivation experience were incorporated into the GrowerIQ platform.

    SOURCE GrowerIQ

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    7 High Energy Strains https://www.skunkmagazine.com/7-high-energy-strains/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/7-high-energy-strains/#respond Mon, 08 Jul 2019 19:49:27 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9263 Smokers from across the globe agree that sativa strains work even better as a morning ‘pick-me-up’ than a cup of coffee. It’s not surprising then, that more and more people are replacing their caffeine intake with cannabis. If you are looking for daytime strains that give you a boost in energy, uplift your spirits, and […]

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    Smokers from across the globe agree that sativa strains work even better as a morning ‘pick-me-up’ than a cup of coffee. It’s not surprising then, that more and more people are replacing their caffeine intake with cannabis.

    If you are looking for daytime strains that give you a boost in energy, uplift your spirits, and keep your mind focused, these seven high-energy strains are for you:

    Green Crack
    You have heard of this strain before. Green Crack wakes you up and puts you in the zone. It gives a brilliant cerebral high, jolt of energy, and a big mood boost. It’s said to inspire moments of bliss and relaxation with temporary distortions in the perception of time. This strain is revered for its potency and intense upbeat effects. It’s not recommended to those new to cannabis.

    Durban Poison
    This sativa masterpiece will lighten up your spirits in no time. Durban Poison delivers an intense cerebral high and spike in energy. It will help you break your creative roadblock and accomplish everything on your to-do list. Despite its menacing name, Durban Poison delivers a clearheaded high with no trace of stoning. You just know for sure that it is going to be a productive day.

    Sour Diesel
    One whiff of its citrusy, pungent buds is all you need to understand why it was named as such. Just like a real diesel fuel, Sour Diesel gets you revved up quickly in the form of a warm and pleasant head rush. Those suffering from mood disorders will benefit from the total burst of energy and happiness. Once you toke this strain, your standard of quality high might just change.

    Jack Herer
    Like the man himself, Jack Herer strain is a legend in the cannabis world. The high it produces is an excellent balance between cerebral and physical effects – euphoric, creative, energetic, uplifting, relaxing. It will keep you alert and on your toes without any trace of nervousness or anxiety. The well-rounded high and fairly low THC content compared to other energizing strains make Jack Herer great for cannabis newbies.

    Chocolope
    Chocolope crushes stress, fatigue, and anxiety in a deliciously decadent way. This wake and bake strain with chocolatey flavor and aroma is a perfect coffee pairing. The high it brings is energetic, focused, and euphoric. The mental effects can be described as a tranquil mind-warp. It leaves smokers feeling happy, motivated, and optimistic.

    Super Silver Haze
    If you were to choose among tons of Haze strains out there, Super Silver Haze should be on top of your list. Known as the king of all Sativas in the 90s, this strain clears your mind, boosts your energy and makes you feel calm—but not sedated. It does seem to slow down time, but it is still reliable for creative pursuits. Super Silver Haze is a pick-me-up that you will never forget.

    Vortex
    Expect to be caught in a whirling feeling of inspiration and euphoria when you toke this sativa. Vortex sucks away anxiety, stress, and depression and offers relief from aches and pain. It allows you to stay stimulated, creative, and productive. Don’t be surprised if you’ll find yourself wanting for more puffs as its pleasant lemon and mango flavors are difficult to resist. Get ready for a wild, giggly ride in space.

    Keep in mind that these high energy strains, as with all Sativas, are best saved before bedtime. Those prone to anxiety should start with low doses.

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    Letters to Rev – Dry Nutrients https://www.skunkmagazine.com/letters-to-rev-dry-nutrients/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/letters-to-rev-dry-nutrients/#respond Mon, 08 Jul 2019 19:34:31 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9241 Howdy one and all; I’m The Rev and I been around the cannabis growing and smoking genre for just shy of a half century now—yikes—and so I have seen and done a lot of things in those years. In my “Letters” to Rev series, I like to tackle some of the more interesting questions I […]

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    Howdy one and all; I’m The Rev and I been around the cannabis growing and smoking genre for just shy of a half century now—yikes—and so I have seen and done a lot of things in those years. In my “Letters” to Rev series, I like to tackle some of the more interesting questions I get emailed and texted, and then answer them. I have heard from many of you how much you dig this series, thanks for sharing with me, my very green amigos 😊

    Seems to me from a lot of the things I am hearing from many of you lately, much of it revolves around the usage and understanding of dry nutrients—specifically all-natural dry nutrients. These days I tend to go with organic nutrients that are made by nature and not combined by man (nutrient companies). In today’s article let’s babble about some options and applications; and away we go…

     

    ALL PURPOSE DRY GRANULAR FERTILIZERS

    FROM: M. Smith, AZ, USA

    “Rev please help! They no longer make that granular all-purpose dry fertilizer you use and recommend in your book, Organicare brand I believe. I have tried to find another granular all-purpose fertilizer to replace it with, and so far I have messed up twice and bought stuff I found out had synthetics in them. Shit! I know some of the things to look for like EDTA and whatnot, but can you help me out here, they don’t make it easy. Isn’t there some kind of basic way to do this, like should I only get OMRI stuff, or what? Thanks Rev.”

     

    Fear not my friend, I get it, bigtime. OMRI is a good thing and can be reliably used here, but many dry nutrients that are still totally organic/all-natural don’t fly the OMRI flag. Things like coco coir can be OMRI rated and still have way too much salt(s) present to work well as a soil amendment. Still, it’s a good guideline to use the OMRI label. When I read your email, one of the first things that came to mind was the old ‘Marine Cuisine’ dry all-purpose fertilizer by Fox Farm—it LOOKS and SOUNDS like it would be all-natural/organic, but it is not. A lot of that kind of thing out there.

    Espoma Brand Dehydrated Granular Chicken Guano

    What you are looking for here is the 100% part of the label. It needs to say 100% organic or all-natural. Things that say like: “Made with organic nutrients.” Or, “organic nutrients added.” These are not acceptable and likely these will include synthetic nutrients. These days I go with nature sources for my all-natural dry fertilizer, and I use dehydrated and granulated chicken guano—by Espoma brand—and this stuff is pretty smelly, like most really good all-natural nutrients are. Another great option here that is less smelly is the granular bat guano by Down to Earth brand. I think it’s 9-6-2 NPK wise, so adding a little kelp meal along with it will round out the NPK more evenly.

     

    LIQUID FISH vs. DRY FISH

    FROM: Paige Lundeen, Oceanside, CA, USA

    “Love the TLO Rev, I have never smoked better bud, thank you. I read in one of your articles awhile ago where you said you mostly use dried fish now rather than liquid fish fertilizer. Do you use fish meal or what exactly? You never use your old favorite 5-1-1 liquid fish fertilizer by Alaska brand anymore? Thanks in advance, I have had some problems using other liquid fish products and want to switch over to dry fish.”

     

    Seagate-Dried-Fish
    Seagate-Dried-Fish

    Hi Paige. In the photo you can see my favorite dry fish fertilizer. The ingredients are fish, just fish, dried and pulverized, and nothing else. Great in teas, for top dressing, and spikes. Fish meal works great too; in fact, my favorite type of bone meal is even fishbone meal. Anyone who has used fish (actual fish or fish pieces) in the ground in a garden knows how well fish works.

    I do still have some of the Alaska brand 5-1-1 liquid fish, but truth be told I rarely (if ever) use it these days. I’m pretty much totally off of any liquid nutrients when growing all-naturally. The problem with many liquid fish fertilizers is that the phosphorous (P) number is high in the NPK numbers, and this is almost always due to the levels of phosphoric acid, as a preservative and it also works as a chelation agent. This level of available phosphorous is not natural at all, it will dive the pH and piss off (and kill) a fair amount of your bacterial populations; causing chaos.

     

    KELP MEAL and KELP EXTRACT

    FROM: Blarthy, Florence, OR, USA

    “Rev, I was making a batch of soil to ‘cook’ like in your book, and I had a friend helping who didn’t know much about organic growing. He screwed up and used kelp extract in place of kelp meal in your soil building recipe. Am I totally boned? What should I do?

     

    My Favorite Brand of Kelp Extract

    Yikes! The short answer is yes, you are boned, I’m sorry to say. There’s no using that soil now amigo, there will be toxic salt levels (like potassium) present from using that very concentrated form of kelp/seaweed. I would just use that soil and spread it out lightly around some trees or in your veggie garden as a topsoil with a kick. Kelp extract is insanely concentrated and has huge PPM value when dissolved in water.

    You can easily find the dehydrated chicken guano by Espoma, and the dried fish by Seagate, on Amazon.com. The kelp/seaweed extract I use can be found at Humes.com

     

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    Long Term Seed Storage https://www.skunkmagazine.com/long-term-seed-storage/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/long-term-seed-storage/#respond Wed, 26 Jun 2019 01:21:11 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9188 Greetings all of you out there here with me today in SKUNK-Land. I’m going to share several aspects regarding storing your seeds longer term, like for decades, and still getting 75% and better, germination rates (viability). It doesn’t matter if you are storing 10 seeds or 10,000 seeds, both are easy to do right, so […]

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    Greetings all of you out there here with me today in SKUNK-Land. I’m going to share several aspects regarding storing your seeds longer term, like for decades, and still getting 75% and better, germination rates (viability). It doesn’t matter if you are storing 10 seeds or 10,000 seeds, both are easy to do right, so they will last and last.

    Anytime in the first 10 years of storage you can expect the same germination rates you would have gotten germinating them immediately. But if you want to, I’ll show you how to save them for 3 decades and beyond, and still have decent germination rates. Let’s do it…

    Storing Commercial vs. Personal Seeds

    Just Use Smaller Plastic Containers for Storing Smaller Numbers of Seeds
    Just Use Smaller Plastic Containers for Storing Smaller Numbers of Seeds

    Here’s a stone-cold fact I know to be true: cannabis grown using synthetic nutrients produces inferior seeds for long term storage, and their shelf-life is considerably shorter, regarding viability compared to organic or all-naturally grown cannabis; no matter how well they are stored. My advice, if you plan to make some personal seeds, is to do it growing your cannabis organically/all-naturally.

    Likewise, if purchasing seeds, verify the breeder uses all-natural or organic growing methods. Most of the seed buyers out there (who are at least semi-serious) normally get enough seeds of any given variety so they can grow some now, and put some away for the future; and it’s nice to know your seeds will still be wicked viable whenever that future date arrives. So, your number one mission when selecting seeds for long term storage is to make sure those seeds were made using organic/all-natural methods.

    Storage Environments

    The better storage environments are dark or dim, plus cool and dry—like a root-cellar or a basement. Places like these are cool and insulated so the ambient temperatures only change a couple of degrees in any 24-hour period. This is a very important aspect, temperature swings cannot be tolerated here for true long-term storage; basically, the temps should always stay consistently cool. Warming and cooling will result in a faster loss of viability in the stored seeds by a large percentage.

    Single Variety Bulk Seeds Stored Frozen
    Single Variety Bulk Seeds Stored Frozen

    The best choice for long term storage is refrigeration, and for super long storage, freezing. Frozen seeds stored correctly, are normally still over 50% viable after 30 years—yowza! Refrigerated seeds stored correctly are normally still at least 70% viable after 15-20 years. Your number two mission is locking down a good environment for your seeds to be stored in.

     

    Storage Container Choices

    Some of My Container Choices for Seed Storage
    Some of My Container Choices for Seed Storage

    I always prefer to keep my stored seeds from being able to bounce around inside of their containers, and this is especially important when dealing with frozen seeds, as they can take damage easier from impacts while frozen. When using the hard containers for storage, I like using cotton balls on top of the seeds so that when the container is sealed the cotton keeps the seeds from moving around. Label and date all containers clearly. I also like to use a piece of good quality electrical tape over the seam of the containers just for an extra air-tight protection layer.

    Plastic Coffee Containers are Great for Another Protection Layer
    Plastic Coffee Containers are Great for Another Protection Layer

    Your goal for the storage containers is always the same, you want them light-tight, and air-tight, with the seeds immobilized so they cannot bounce around. If you are storing a lot of the containers together, using something like the plastic coffee containers in the photo works awesome, as these are fairly light-tight and air-tight themselves.

    Try and avoid labeling your containers on the outsides, over time these labels can wear off. Choosing translucent containers allows you to label them on the inside; placing these containers within the plastic coffee containers makes it light tight enough for like a refrigerator light, easily.

    Vacuum Sealed Bags for Larger Seed Storage Containers
    Vacuum Sealed Bags for Larger Seed Storage Containers

    When storing larger numbers of seeds, I really like using vacuum sealed bags. This method keeps them immobile, and when placed inside of plastic coffee type containers, this will give you you’re your needed level of light-tight. I normally seal up bulk seeds this way and store them in the freezer, keeping some of the seeds in smaller containers refrigerated for easier access. Your number three mission is to source your containers, per your needs.

    Tips

    Pretty easy to find little containers that are fairly air-tight at craft type stores, or even at places like “Wallyworld” in the craft section. Get some high-quality electrical tape here, don’t go cheap. The good electrical tape can handle being cold or frozen for long periods and still keep its tape-qualities. Cheaper versions will tend to peel off after a few months often times. Always secure the seams of these types of little containers with electrical tape for added air-tight protection.

    My Workhorse Vacuum Sealer
    My Workhorse Vacuum Sealer

    As far as the vacuum sealed bags, I have been using a good old Food Saver brand now for like the last 7 or 8 years and it works reliably well. I just use the roll type bags so I can make them any size I want, plus it’s much more economical that way. You can source the plastic coffee cans from pubs or restaurants easily for free, or you can simply buy the appropriate type containers for your storage needs.

    If you make your own seeds, I recommend putting them all into a bowl, in a warm and dry location so they are exposed to the air. Just kind of swirl them around a bit once a day for about a week, before placing them into storage containers. Also remove most of the plant matter from the seeds before storing as well. Adios amigos, catch ya all next week, hope you dug this article—REvski out!

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    Can Olympic athletes use CBD oil? https://www.skunkmagazine.com/can-olympic-athletes-use-cbd-oil/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/can-olympic-athletes-use-cbd-oil/#comments Wed, 26 Jun 2019 01:19:39 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9152 Like all other sports, using drugs is also prohibited in the Olympics. An Olympic athlete is not allowed to use any kind of drugs before or during the game. In this situation, Cannabidiol oil which is commonly known as CBD oil was also prohibited for the Olympics Athletes. It was prohibited because it is found […]

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    Like all other sports, using drugs is also prohibited in the Olympics. An Olympic athlete is not allowed to use any kind of drugs before or during the game. In this situation, Cannabidiol oil which is commonly known as CBD oil was also prohibited for the Olympics Athletes. It was prohibited because it is found from the marijuana plant which is considered as a drug. But in January 2018, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has removed the prohibition of CBD oil usage for Olympics Athletes.

    CBD has a very strong relationship with the Olympic Athletes. According to a study conducted in 2015 by WADA, it was proved that almost 4% of the Olympics Athletes out of 300,000 has used the CBD oil before the game. After this operation, many famous athletes lost their titles and reputation. But the question is, what are the aspects according to which WADA has removed prohibition from the usage of CBD oil for athletes. Well, some of those aspects are as follows:

    1. Relieves pain

    CBD is not actually a drug. Just because it is fetched from the marijuana plant, that’s why it was prohibited. But the fact is, CBD oil is very helpful to reduce pain. Athletes have to play hard due to which there occurs pain in their muscles. In this case, CBD oil removes the muscle’s pain and offer them some relief.

    2. It reduces anxiety and depression

    CBD oil is very effective for the reduction of anxiety and depression. It helps to relax the veins and muscles due to which an athlete feels the reduction into his anxiety and depression.

    3. Can be treated as cancer treatment

    CBD oil is also very effective for the treatment of cancer symptoms. If someone is dealing with cancer, CBD oil can help to cure the disease and also control its symptoms.

    4. Reduces acne

    Acne is also a very major issue for an Olympic Athlete. As we know that an athlete has to work hard in all kind of circumstances. He has to play in different weather conditions where there could be a huge chance developing acne on his skin. In this scenario, CBD oil is the perfect solution to this problem. The Athletes rub the CBD oil over his skin and get the instant treatment of acne problem.

    5. Instance injury treatments

    During the competition, athletes have to face many severe injuries which make them unable to continue the game. If they don’t continue the game, then they will lose it which is not fair to them. The other option will be that game should be continued after the complete treatment of the athlete which is a very time-consuming process. In this regard, CBD oil proves very useful. It instantly cures the injury on the spot due to which athletes can continue their game.

    Well, above-described are the aspects due to which the World Anti-Doping Agency decided to remove the prohibition on CBD oil because it is very helpful for an athlete in different scenarios.

    Reference

    1. https://www.royalqueenseeds.com/blog-world-anti-doping-agency-allows-athletes-to-use-cbd-n778
    2. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/cbd-oil-benefits#section3
    3. https://floydsofleadville.com/benefits-cbd-oil-athletes/

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    Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker Signs Bill Legalizing Cannabis With a Focus on Fairness and Justice https://www.skunkmagazine.com/illinois-gov-j-b-pritzker-signs-bill-legalizing-cannabis/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/illinois-gov-j-b-pritzker-signs-bill-legalizing-cannabis/#respond Tue, 25 Jun 2019 19:20:55 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9196 Statements below from Steve Hawkins and Chris Lindsey of the Marijuana Policy Project Chicago, Ill. — On Tuesday, Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed the Cannabis Regulation and Taxation Act (CRTA) into law, making Illinois the 11th state to legalize cannabis. Illinois will become the second state to legalize cannabis possession via the legislative process and the […]

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    Statements below from Steve Hawkins and Chris Lindsey of the Marijuana Policy Project

    Chicago, Ill. — On Tuesday, Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed the Cannabis Regulation and Taxation Act (CRTA) into law, making Illinois the 11th state to legalize cannabis. Illinois will become the second state to legalize cannabis possession via the legislative process and the first to legalize retail sales legislatively.

    The Marijuana Policy Project worked closely with legislators and the governor’s office to craft and pass the CRTA, which contains the most far-reaching social equity provisions ever included in a legalization law. It includes reinvestment in communities disproportionately harmed by cannabis prohibition, broad expungement provisions, and measures to ensure the industry includes communities that have been targeted by cannabis enforcement. A summary of the CRTA is available at https://bit.ly/2W2s86y, and a more detailed look at the social equity and criminal justice reforms included in the legislation is available at https://bit.ly/2Ws2355.

    Statement from Steve Hawkins, executive director for the Marijuana Policy Project:

    “We applaud the Illinois Legislature and Gov. Pritzker on this resounding victory for personal liberty, racial justice, and common sense. MPP was honored to work hand-in-hand with elected leaders to craft a law ending cannabis prohibition, in a way that begins to remedy the devastation of communities targeted by the war on drugs. Illinois’ focus on fairness and equity in legalization should be a model for other states.

    “Illinois’ historic approach to clemency and expungement will clear up to 770,000 criminal records. Whereas the scarlet letter of a cannabis conviction has destroyed people’s futures, the CRTA provides new business and employment opportunities for those whose lives were derailed by prohibition.  

    “Illinois is the first state to legislatively replace cannabis prohibition with thoughtful, equitable regulation, but it will not be the last. Elected officials nationwide are heeding the call of an overwhelming majority of voters who want to stop punishing adults for using a substance safer than alcohol. And just as we today look back at alcohol prohibition as a misguided failure, future generations will look back and shake their heads in disbelief that cannabis prohibition lasted so long.”

    Statement from Chris Lindsey, senior legislative counsel for the Marijuana Policy Project:

    “Legalization can’t simply end criminal penalties or establish sales — legalization has to be part of the healing process as we recover from the failed war on cannabis. Illinois has taken giant steps toward reducing that harm and resetting the whole system for the better.”

    MPP has lobbied to reform cannabis policies in the Illinois state Legislature since 2004, previously leading the advocacy campaigns behind Illinois’ successful medical cannabis (2013) and decriminalization efforts (2016). MPP will continue working with allies to ensure smooth implementation of Illinois’ legalization law.

    # # #

    The Marijuana Policy Project is the nation’s largest cannabis policy organization. It has been a leading advocate for federal cannabis policy reform since its founding in 1995, and it has played a leading role in most major state-level reforms that have occurred over the past two decades. For more information, visit https://www.mpp.org.

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    Everyone Has Problems https://www.skunkmagazine.com/everyone-has-problems/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/everyone-has-problems/#respond Tue, 18 Jun 2019 14:28:55 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9022 In an email lately I was accused of never having problems in my gardens, LoL, and for the most part that is true pretty much; however, I am a human being so I am flawed by nature and still make mistakes sometimes no matter how good I am. Having a killer skill-set growing gives me […]

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    In an email lately I was accused of never having problems in my gardens, LoL, and for the most part that is true pretty much; however, I am a human being so I am flawed by nature and still make mistakes sometimes no matter how good I am. Having a killer skill-set growing gives me the ability to actually address those problems that I caused, successfully. Let me take you through my latest screw-up that I incurred and how I came out of it fine. In the end I likely took a small yield hit, 10% maybe 15%, but all my buds I got were primo, even though I almost killed these plants in their youth as teenagers. Let’s check it out…

     

    Sometimes—Chaos Caused—Shit Happens

    Early last Winter high winds caused a branch on a bush outside my grow to partially break, and it was rubbing up against my out-venting—screened—screen. Quickly it gummed up the screen from the wind moving it around on my screen, and blocked like 80% of my air outflow … not good at all! Now that’s an act of nature, and I payed for it with a little dose of Powdery Mildew—of course during mid flowering—but I handled it with some Serenade just targeting it whenever I saw it. You can use this product to get you through late flowering Powdery Mildew issues with no bad effects to your final product.

    Once they were done flowering, I eradicated the PM from the room with more brutal methods; without plants present in that room. But today’s article deals with good ol’ human error. If you are growing in a hydroponic garden, or using synthetic nutrients to feed your plants, and you see a problem, you very likely do need to take some fast-active countermeasures to fix it. But when you are growing in living soil, things happen slower, and you must account for that. You also gotta remember that it’s really not up to your “total control” in living soil. You count on the plant and the microbial life to reach a symbiosis, so you need to exercise a little patience.

     

    99% of the Time in Living Soil, Do Nothing

    Do Nothing if There is a Problem and Everything Will be Fine
    Do Nothing if There is a Problem and Everything Will be Fine

    If you are using the living soil, things don’t “just go south” on you for no reason; it has to be environmentally related. Using living soil (well) requires consistency, good water mostly, and good temps, lighting, humidity, air-movement/venting. You have been trained by corporations to believe you need to fertilize your plants with dosages of food—this is simply not true in amended living soil, all you really need is good water. So, anytime you see something wrong, think back about 10 days ago and think of things YOU DID around that time. Getting the best yields out of your living soil is way more about what’s NOT in it, ya follow? Do nothing but add good water when there’s a problem, for at least 10 days, and you will see signs of improvement as long as your mistake wasn’t huge.

     

    Here is What I Did

    A Happy Sight Seeing Happy Healthy Flowering Plants after Disaster
    A Happy Sight Seeing Happy Healthy Flowering Plants after Disaster

    I was taking care of some of my vegging plants and I broke one of my most ancient rules first off, I was decently baked on some ass-kicking bud, and was blending in small amounts of liquid worm juice (leachate) from my home worm farm, like 1/8th of a teaspoon per gallon of water. This stuff is uber powerful and concentrated, but magical if used with great care in tiny dosages. Competence matters here, and due to the deadly buds, mine was lowered. I made two or three big mistakes right in a row…

    • Originally, I meant to turn each gallon of water into two gallons by adding additional carbon filtered water (diluting it). I therefore added ¼ teaspoon of worm juice per gallon of water. I forgot that I had done this and never diluted to 1/8th teaspoon of worm juice per gallon, before using it on my plants.
    • I got a tad sidetracked—imagine that—for about 15 minutes and when I cam back to task, I decided I may need more water than I thought, so since I was going to dilute it I should add an additional 1/8th teaspoon per gallon to compensate, forgetting I had already double the dose on accident beforehand—stoned guy syndrome, and hence my rule of not doing these things baked.

     

    The Nuking

    These Plants Were Uncomfortably Close to Death
    These Plants Were Uncomfortably Close to Death

    Tragedy ensued about 9 days later, and since some of my smaller plants were half landrace Thai, they took an extra serious hit here. Lucky for me I didn’t do something like this during early flowering or I would have been done-for; for reals! You can see how very unhappy they were, close to the point of no return, since their soil had been “bombed” with almost a triple dose of worm juice. The microbial soil life was flung into chaos, and pH in the rootzone (rhizosphere) was changed rapidly by the uber-high PPM value of the worm juice dosing. This always turns out badly.

    These Plants Were Uncomfortably Close to Death
    These Plants Were Uncomfortably Close to Death

    They started to come back really well going into flowering. They still had some damage to their lower leaves, but I left all the leaves that still had some life in them so the plant could drain them as “batteries” if she needed to while recovering. This is important, make sure not to over-prune damaged leaves and always make sure to leave any leaves on the plant that still have some green in them—like at least 20% of the leaf is still green.

     

    They Turned Out Fine in the End

    Top Shelf Buds Even After the Major Hit
    Top Shelf Buds Even After the Major Hit

    Ta-Da! They came out super tasty and resin thick, very potent and my yields were all good. Like I said at the start I likely lost a little yield due to this error, but not much at all. I wanted you to be able to see the stages the plants went through while just getting good water after the screw-up. You see how some of the yellowing leaves turned green again, and the newest growth is what you want to watch here.

    Bottom line here is if you are using living soil, then let it do its thing. Anytime you pour anything onto the plants’ soil that is a solution of something, like liquid bottled fertilizers, or pH adjusters, you are just kicking your own ass. You can add things, like I do, in Nano-small dosages, natural things like worm juice, aquarium or pond water with living fish in the water, these things work great as long as they are applied in tiny little amounts at any single watering. If you see a problem, try letting your plant and the soil microlife work it out, because they almost always will—cheers amigos.

     

     

     

     

     

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    Letters to Rev – Sprouts https://www.skunkmagazine.com/letters-to-rev-sprouts/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/letters-to-rev-sprouts/#respond Tue, 18 Jun 2019 14:26:30 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9114 Howdy one and all; I’m The Rev and I been around the cannabis growing and smoking genre for just shy of a half century now—yikes—and so I have seen and done a lot of things in those years. In my “Letters” to Rev series, I like to tackle some of the more interesting questions I […]

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    Howdy one and all; I’m The Rev and I been around the cannabis growing and smoking genre for just shy of a half century now—yikes—and so I have seen and done a lot of things in those years. In my “Letters” to Rev series, I like to tackle some of the more interesting questions I get emailed and texted, and then answer them. I have heard from many of you how much you dig this series, thanks for sharing with me, my very green amigos 😊

     I love how so many of you I am hearing from are doing sprouts for the first time. With so many new peeps entering the growing scene lately … judging by all the “letters” I get, many of you are still having some problems with your smaller plants like sprouts and clones. If you are growing in living soil, you are in luck, because I’m here to help—let’s begin…

     

    UNEVEN MOISTURE LEVELS

    FROM: Julie, Lincoln City, OR, USA

    “Hi Rev! Love your new book, it’s our bible here. I was hoping you could help me out with my sprouts. I used to have problems when I would transplant sprouts into large containers, then I read that you advised stepping up your container sizes more slowly for greater root-mass at flowering and for better soil moisture level control. This was great advice and the difference is as you say, obvious. Now though, I am having some issues with watering sprouts in smaller containers. Some of them dry out too fast while others stay pretty moist.

     I have good air movement and air exchange, and I use little catch trays below my pots like you do. Watering them individually takes a little time, but I give every plant 4 oz. of water and I can’t water them all at the same time anymore because of the differences in their moisture levels. Can ya help me streamline this a bit Rev? Thank you in advance.”

    Hi Julie! Thank you for the support and your kind words regarding my book. You have three things working against your desire for all your plants (sprouts or otherwise) here. Air movement is very important, but invariably some of your plants will be closer to the “wind” from the fan(s) and therefore will dehydrate faster. You can get a larger sturdy tray you can place your sprouts on, this way you can rotate the tray 180 degrees every 24 hours (halfway through their daytime cycle), this will dry out all the plants more evenly.

    Shared Overflow Catch Tray for Sprouts
    Shared Overflow Catch Tray for Sprouts

    Individual plants can be more or less thirsty/hungry than their siblings, just like people, plants are different; and individuals for sure, I think. Using a shared catch tray like in the photo, can help out with this as well. Simply add up how much water you will need to water all the sprouts and simply put it in the tray—your hungrier/thirstier plants will get what they need; as will less thirsty/hungry plants.

    Just make sure the shared catch tray is small enough to get a slight water-level (between ¼ and ½ inch is fine) so the plants can soak it up. As an example, this size of pot in the photo above requires 4 oz. of water to be watered well, so 9 pots equals 36 oz of water, so I would do 38 oz. just for good measure. The water level in the tray starts out at a water level of about ½ inch, but within 30 minutes all the water is almost all gone.

    Inexpensive Handy Instrument Right Here
    Inexpensive Handy Instrument Right Here

    Lastly, ambient temperatures and humidity will greatly influence water usage, I know this one is fairly obvious, but I always think it’s a great idea to have a thermometer/hygrometer in every growing room; even in different growing zones within a room, to find problem areas. Get one of these that will record the highs and lows over the last 24 hours.

    These are awesome and will clue you in before it becomes a problem. The picture above is a compact thermometer/hygrometer that does everything you need it to do I mentioned above. I think these are about $10.00 or so (each) and well worth their weight in gold. Cheers Julie, no worries, you’ll get it; watering skills are keystone important.

    TOP DRESSING SPROUTS

    FROM: Matty V., Vista, CA, USA

    “What up Rev? Man, I recently fried some sprouts using liquid fish fertilizer. It was a serious bummer brother. I want to give them a little boost when I transplant them into their first pot after sprouting, what can I top-dress with that won’t fry my plants?”

    Plants in the Actual Pots Have Top Dressing Under the Mulch
    Plants in the Actual Pots Have Top Dressing Under the Mulch

    Hola Matty… You have to be very vigil, regarding the amounts, of anything you add to your plants; in other words, anything can be deadly in high enough ratios. You don’t really NEED to use any kind of fertilizer here at this stage, I do this myself at times (top dress at this stage) like when I know these plants are going to be in these pots a little longer than they should.

     

    A Great Top-Dressing Combo
    A Great Top-Dressing Combo

    That being said, in the photo above you will see one of my favorite, and easy to get almost anywhere top-dressing combos, bat guano and ground oyster shell. For these little pots I would use the guano and oyster shell mixed 50/50. I would use this 50/50 mix just under the mulch layer, ¼ teaspoon max per pot—and always place the dressing as far from the mainstem as possible out around the inside edges of the pot. Using this combo on your vegging plants adds some fantastic secondary nutrients, like sulfur and calcium, along with many micronutrients; with a good “goose” of nitrogen and phosphorous.

    Alternates Include Chicken Guano
    Alternates Include Chicken Guano

    Espoma packages dried chicken guano in granular form (see photo above) and this can replace the bat guano and the oyster shell. This chicken guano product can be used as a standalone top-dressing product. Using the bat guano tends to drop the pH pretty hard around the guano in the soil, for sprouts this could be problematic fairly easily.

    The oyster shell product counters the pH dive and helps to keep it up where more bacteria like it to be. The chickens that make this poop are fed oyster shells with their food, so their guano is already pH friendly—just don’t use too much—and I would recommend a heaping ¼ teaspoon max, as a top-dressing per small pot here using this granular chicken guano.

    Always Use a Mask that Filters Fungal Spores when Working with Any Guano
    Always Use a Mask that Filters Fungal Spores when Working with Any Guano

    Make sure whatever guano you use here, that it is as balanced with N-P-K as possible. You do not want to use a high phosphorous guano here at all. That bat guano in the photo is 10-6-2 per N-P-K values, and the chicken guano is 3-2-3 + 2% calcium. Both primo and packed with nutrients-O-plenty. As a substitute for the ground oyster shell you could use (agricultural or food grade only) DE (Diatomaceous Earth) to mix with your bat guano, it too will buffer the pH upwards. Always wear a good mask when working with guano, seriously, do it.

     

     

    I NEED THESE SEEDS TO SPROUT—BEST WATER?

    FROM: DatBluntGuy, Seattle, WA, USA

    “Is there a bulletproof way I can sprout my seeds and make sure I don’t mess them up? I am super confused about what kind of water to use, some seed companies advise bleach water in wet paper towels, others say distilled. Please help, I need these seeds to grow up. Thank you.”

    Arrowhead is the Best Bottled Spring Water per Rev
    Arrowhead is the Best Bottled Spring Water per Rev

    Hey-hey amigo… bulletproof water to use on your germinating seeds and sprouts right there in the photo—Arrowhead bottled spring water—or any good bottled spring water, Arrowhead is just my favorite and what I myself use to germinate seeds with and water small sprouts.

    Plant your seeds about ½ inch deep in good bagged soil like Fox Farm’s Ocean Forest or any G&B brand of potting soil. Don’t let them dry out too much or overwater them, make sure your temps are warm and a lower humidity is good … and you’re golden.

    AFTERWORD

    Growing Your Own Stellar Dank is Mucho Rewarding
    Growing Your Own Stellar Dank is Mucho Rewarding

    I hope you got something good out of this article today. Always remember and don’t ever forget: Growing top-shelf buds in living soil is mostly about what’s not in them. Cheers everyone, see ya on the flip-flop.

     

     

     

     

     

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    Always A Direct Hit https://www.skunkmagazine.com/always-a-direct-hit/ https://www.skunkmagazine.com/always-a-direct-hit/#respond Mon, 17 Jun 2019 19:02:44 +0000 https://www.skunkmagazine.com/?p=9082 The original “Alway’s a Direct Hit” piece of artwork was painted on a 12”x16” canvas panel. The artist’s name is John Burnham, a ProtoPipe employee at the time. John was an incredibly talented artist and studied under Larry Todd of Doc Atomic comic book fame. Larry was also a partner in the ProtoPipe business.   […]

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    The original “Alway’s a Direct Hit” piece of artwork was painted on a 12”x16” canvas panel. The artist’s name is John Burnham, a ProtoPipe employee at the time. John was an incredibly talented artist and studied under Larry Todd of Doc Atomic comic book fame. Larry was also a partner in the ProtoPipe business.

     

    During this time period the movie Star Wars had just come out and we were all excited to see it and decided to make it super magical on liquid LSD. The painting was inspired by the opening shot of the film where Princess Leia and the droids are being chased by Darth Vader in the starship destroyer.

    Always A Direct Hit premiered and ran only once in the short-lived magazine called Flash. This full-page color ad (our one and only) ran in the third issue which I think was Spring of 1978. It was one of the magazines of the era that covered the culture along with High Times, Rolling Stone, Crawdaddy, Hilife, and others. I think there were only 3 or 4 issues printed. It was well done but short-lived and was produced in Hollywood. Doc Atomic also appeared in this issue with an amazing 6 full-color pages titled ‘Doc Atomic and The Amazing Duplicator’.

     

    These were exciting times in an exciting place-Berkeley in the mid-1970’s! We were inspired by a pipe dream and we wanted to see if we could help make our world a better place. Late in 1976, a group of friends and businesses got together because of a common problem-not enough space. We began a search to reap the benefits of collective living/working, a true community of renegades. A warehouse was found, our proposal was
    accepted by the landlord and the move-in began, but first, we had to scrape 10 years of accumulated inosaur droppings (diesel truck grease) off the 25,000 square foot main floor.

    We called ourselves Earthlab and we accomplished some incredible things together. We will be sharing more on this remarkable project and time to follow in another post.

    About 10 of us lived on the 2nd and 3rd floors, we were a true community of bohemians! There were several businesses involved-Aeropower who manufactured electrical generating windmills, Uniwood a wood manufacturing business and ProtoPipe.

    This was a time of golden memories, a time that we will never forget!

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